The human papillomavirus (HPV) is a viral infection that appears as wart-like growths in the genital and anal area. There are hundreds of different kinds of HPV viruses but not all of them cause this kind of reaction.
HPV (Human Papillomavirus)
Most anal warts are caused by HPV types 6, 11, 16, or 18. Since there is no cure for the HPV virus, once you have the HPV virus, you are always infectious.
You may not show any evidence of HPV after you have been infected. Genital warts may disappear very slowly on their own, but it could take months or even years. However, even if you do not exhibit any HPV lesions or warts, you remain highly contagious and can infect others during skin-to-skin contact.
Signs and symptoms of anal HPV
Anal warts caused by the HPV virus may appear as large, flat, or raised growths. The growths may also appear as a small bump or group of bumps and sometimes take on the shape of cauliflower.
Since anal warts occur with or without pain. They may be ignored, causing the further spread of the virus. This makes it important for a visit to a colorectal physician at the first sign of anal or genital lumps or bumps.
Both men and women can acquire anal warts. In women, warts may develop on the outside as well as inside of the vagina. They can be found on the cervix or around and inside of the anus. HPV warts on the cervix should be taken seriously since they can lead to cervical cancer. Most cases of cervical cancer are caused by the HPV virus.
Anal HPV warts in men show up on the tip and/or shaft of the penis, scrotum, around and inside the anus.
HPV Spread of the virus
Since both men and women can be infected with anal HPV warts, they both are carriers of the virus and can transmit the human papillomavirus (HPV) to others. Anyone who has skin-to-skin contact with a person who has the virus can be infected. The virus can spread by mouth, fingers that have touched an infected area.
How to treat anal HPV
If the anal warts are small and only seen around the anus, they may be able to be treated with a topical medication. Liquid nitrogen (cryotherapy) is an extreme cold that destroys the tissue and can remove the lesions.
The most effective way to diagnose and treat anal HPV is to consult with a colorectal surgeon. A physician with experience in this area will be able to diagnose HPV and treat the condition effectively. These specialists have the knowledge to work with you and decide the most effective treatment.